Minimize time spent outdoors when mosquitoes are most active, especially between dusk and dawn.
Be sure door and window screens are tight-fitted and in good repair.
Wear shoes, socks, long pants, and a long-sleeved shirt when outdoors for long periods of time, or when mosquitoes are most active. Clothing should be light colored and made of tightly woven materials that keep mosquitoes away from the skin.
Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors or in an unscreened structure and to protect small babies when outdoors.
Consider the use of mosquitoes repellent, according to directions, when it is necessary to be outdoors.
Repellents should be applied only to exposed skin and/or clothing (as directed on the product label). Do not use under clothing.
Never use repellents over cuts, wounds, or irritated skin.
Don't apply to eyes and mouth, and apply sparingly around ears. When using sprays do not spray directly onto face; spray on hands first and then apply to face.
Do not allow children to handle the products, and do not apply to children's hands. When using on children, apply to your own hands and then put it on the child.
Do not spray in enclosed areas. Avoid breathing a repellent spray, and do not use it near food.
Use just enough repellent to cover exposed skin and/or clothing. Heavy application and saturation is unnecessary for effectiveness; if biting insects do not respond to a thin film of repellent, apply a bit more.
After returning indoors, wash treated skin with soap and water or bathe. This is particularly important when repellents are used repeatedly in a day or on consecutive days. Also, wash treated clothing before wearing it again.
If you suspect that you or your child are reacting to an insect repellent, discontinue use, wash treated skin and then call your local poison control center. If/when you go to a doctor, take the repellent with you.